The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Vienna subway map.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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