The general public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
To read more about Bohrkopf you can check the best webpage: look at more info