People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have an exact date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Netz.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there is also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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