The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Vienna metro map.
The midst of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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