People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Plan Wien.
The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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