Vienna Underground – A quick History

People transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U-Bahn Wien.

The center of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was aimed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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