Vienna Underground – A Short History

People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U-Bahn.

The Middle of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and also today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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