The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to U-Bahn.
The center of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was aimed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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