The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to U2 Stationen.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was directed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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